Thousands of students in schools across the country are subjected to bullying by their peers on a daily basis, and Virginia is trying to do something about the problem.
During its 2012 session, the General Assembly passed legislation requiring teachers and other school personnel to receive training on anti-bullying tactics. Gov. Robert F. McDonnell (R) signed the legislation into law; it will take effect in July.
The legislation will require the Virginia Center for School Safety to provide school employees with training on how to stop bullying. State officials say such training has become necessary as bullying has become more common.
“Recent school safety audits conducted by the Virginia Center for School Safety show that it is a top concern of students in elementary, middle and high schools,” said Donna Michaelis, manager of campus and school safety at the Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services, which operates the center.
“Approximately one-quarter of school principals agreed or strongly agreed that bullying is a problem at their school.”
Del. Rosalyn Dance (D-Dist. 63) of Petersburg sponsored the House version of the legislation.
“Having read the bill and reviewing the negative impact of bullying around the country —verbal and physical abuse that had led to death from murder or suicide — I knew this was a situation waiting for a voice to speak to the issue here in Virginia,” Dance said.
She said the training will give teachers a better understanding of what bullying is. They will learn how to spot behaviors — by both victims and the perpetrators — associated with bullying. Moreover, school employees will learn intervention and prevention techniques.
The training also will cover alternative punishments for those who bully, other than expulsion or suspension.
At the General Assembly’s request, the Virginia Department of Education last year conducted a study to determine whether policy changes were needed to combat bullying in schools. This year’s legislation was passed in response to that study.
Michaelis said the anti-bullying training also will include information on the rising problem of cyberbullying. Online bullying — using social media, cellphones and other technology — and has led to suicides in some parts of the country.
The Virginia Center for School Safety currently offers a wide range of courses for teachers to attend regarding bullying prevention, conflict management and other topics. It will combine the new training into existing programs.
“The center offers approximately 50 to 75 trainings per year, as well as two major conferences targeting school and campus safety professionals,” Michaelis said. “It is anticipated that they can incorporate aspects of these practices into existing anti-bullying training.”
Although the center will train school personnel on how to deal with bullying, everyone — including parents and students — must be involved in addressing the problem, officials say.
“It is the responsibility of school divisions to provide training to teachers and all staff on preventing bullying and establishing a school climate of safety and freedom from bullying,” said Cynthia Cave, director of student services at the Virginia Department of Education.
“We provide technical assistance and on-site professional development activities to individual schools, school divisions and parents regarding specific issues concerning bullying.”
The new law underscores the importance of preventing bullying and bullying-related suicides among young people.
“Everyone has a right to be treated with dignity and respect and should not have to live in fear of someone harming them just because of the way they look, act or view the world we live in,” Dance said.